Tapio is an East Finnish forest spirit or god, who figured prominently in the Kalevala. Hunters prayed to him before a hunt.  His wife is the goddess of the forest, Mielikki. He was the father of Annikki, Tellervo, Nyyrikki (the god of hunting), and Tuulikki.  Fitting the Green Man archetype, Tapio has a beard of lichen and eyebrows of moss.

The Lesovik (Leshy) or is a male woodland spirit in Slavic mythology who protects wild animals and forests. He is roughly analogous to the Woodwose of Western Europe and the Basajaun of the Basque Country.

In the Finnish mythology  the Nine diseases are the sons of Loviatar, the blind daughter of Tuoni.She is impregnated by the wind. According to the version told in the Kalevala they are Pistos (consumption), Ähky (colic), Luuvalo (gout), Riisi (rickets), Paise (ulcer), Rupi (scab), Syöjä (cancer), and Rutto (plague). The ninth, a witch and the worst of all, remains unnamed. He, the personification of envy, is banished by his mother to become the scourge of mankind.

nowheresafefromthestorm: “ In the Finnish mythology the Nine diseases are the sons of Loviatar,the blind daughter of Tuoni.She is impregnated by wind.According to the version told in the Kalevala.

“Louhi Witch of North Farm” – Retold by Tony De Gerez – Pictures by Barbara Cooney

Looks like Santa tellign woodland creatures a story “Louhi Witch of North Farm” – Retold by Tony De Gerez – Pictures by Barbara Cooney

Infografiikka pyhäinpäivästä ja muista vainajien muistojuhlista.

Infografiikka pyhäinpäivästä ja muista vainajien muistojuhlista.

Sámi Runic Calendar. In Sami culture knowing minutes and hours was not nearly as important as knowing what natural phenomena were occurring and which were to follow. Due to the close tie between Sami culture and reindeer herding, many of the Sami calendars are based on the life cycles of the reindeer. The eight seasons of this cycle are directly related to the annual behavioral patterns of the reindeer. They are far less rigid in the time period that they define.

*The Saami - Samisk - Sámi*: Coastal Sami - Kystsamer - Boats - Båter & Gakti

Female shaman of the Soyot people from 1898 The Soyot are reindeer herders who are related to the Tuvans. National Museum of Finland, Helsinki

Female shaman of the Soyot people from 1898 The Soyot are reindeer herders who are related to the Tuvans. National Museum of Finland, Helsinki

Hugo Simberg | On the Stream of Life - Hugo Simberg - WikiPaintings.org

The Stream of Life; By the River of Life (Elämän virralla), 1896 - Hugo Simberg

Suomenusko, 'the Finnish Faith', ancient nature religion | Wikipedia Finnish Paganism

Suomenusko, 'the Finnish Faith', ancient nature religion

Europe - Finland, Russia/Karelia, käspaikka, Goddess Mokosh

I’ve come to associate these female figures in Slavic embroidery as the goddess Mokosh. In Elizabeth Wayland Barber’s book The Dancing Goddess: Folklore, Archaeology, and the Origins of European Dance she identifies them as Bereghinya “Protectress”.

Väinämöinen (one of the demi-god heroes from the Kalevala) illustration by Marina Kleiman

Väinämöinen (one of the demi-god heroes from the Kalevala) illustration by Marina Kleiman

lichtbruin: Finland Proper (Varsinais-Suomi, Egentliga Finland)  donkergroen: Karelia (Karjala, Karelen)  donkerbruin: Laponia (Lappi, Lappland)  rood: Ostrobothnia (Pohjanmaa, Österbotten)  lila: Satakunta (Satakunta, Satakunda)  geel: Savonia (Savo, Savolax)  lichtgroen: Tavastia (Häme, Tavastland)  lichtblauw Uusimaa (Uusimaa, Nyland)  donkerblauw: Åland (Ahvenanmaa, Åland)

Light brown: Finland Proper / Dark green: Karelia / Red: Ostrobotnia / Lila: Satakunta / Yellow: Savonia / Light green: Tavastia / Light blue: Uusimaa (and Helsinki) / Dark blue: Åland / Dark brown: Lappland

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