18th century: Masquerade costumes

Masquerade inspiration.
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The Moretta or Servetta Muta (trans: dumb maid-servant) is a black velvet, oval shaped mask that was worn by Venetian ladies. Covering all but the outer edge of the face, the Moretta was secured to the wearer by way of a small bit that was held in place by the teeth.     By the 18th centaury the use of the Bauta and Moretta masks to conceal the identity of ladies and gentlemen in the gambling houses (Il Ridotti) of Venice had become commonplace.

The Moretta or Servetta Muta (trans: dumb maid-servant) is a black velvet, oval shaped mask that was worn by Venetian ladies. Covering all but the outer edge of the face, the Moretta was secured to the wearer by way of a small bit that was held in place by the teeth. By the 18th centaury the use of the Bauta and Moretta masks to conceal the identity of ladies and gentlemen in the gambling houses (Il Ridotti) of Venice had become commonplace.

Mrs. Garrick (1724-1822) with a mask, née Eva Maria Veigel, wife of British actor David Garrick  | Attributed to Johann Zoffany (mid-18th century)

Mrs. Garrick (1724-1822) with a mask, née Eva Maria Veigel, wife of British actor David Garrick | Attributed to Johann Zoffany (mid-18th century)

"Mrs. Boere", c. 1746, by Jean-Étienne Liotard (Swiss, 1702-1789).

"Mrs. Boere", c. 1746, by Jean-Étienne Liotard (Swiss, 1702-1789).

Lady Sophia and Lady Charlotte Fermor at a masquerade of the Duchess of Norfolk, ca 1741, attributed to Enoch Seeman (1694-1744)

Lady Sophia and Lady Charlotte Fermor at a masquerade of the Duchess of Norfolk, ca 1741, attributed to Enoch Seeman (1694-1744)

Thomas Hudson (British 1701-1779), Portrait of a lady

Thomas Hudson (British 1701-1779), Portrait of a lady

Circle of Antoine Pesne (Paris 1683-1757 Berlin) Portrait of a lady, half-length, in a red embroidered dress, and a straw hat, a mask in her left hand

Circle of Antoine Pesne (Paris 1683-1757 Berlin) Portrait of a lady, half-length, in a red embroidered dress, and a straw hat, a mask in her left hand

Portrait d'une femme avec son enfant en costumes turques, avec un masque, artiste autrichien inconnu du XVIIIe siècle

Portrait d'une femme avec son enfant en costumes turques, avec un masque, artiste autrichien inconnu du XVIIIe siècle

Anne-Catherine de Ligniville, Madame Helvétius, renowned salon hostess, 1722-1800 by Louis-Michel Van Loo

Anne-Catherine de Ligniville, Madame Helvétius, renowned salon hostess, 1722-1800 by Louis-Michel Van Loo

The Masquerade Mask: The Black Velvet Moretta

The Masquerade Mask: The Black Velvet Moretta

Van Loo. Detail from The Allegory of Comedy, 1752.

Van Loo. Detail from The Allegory of Comedy, 1752.

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