Shoes bearing the Revolutionary Cockade.

The tri-colored cockade was incorporated into every practical manner, including decor for shoes. These wooden slippers, worn by women, have a pointed toe and low heel, fashionable characteristics at the time to allow for more efficient movement.

With the outbreak of the revolution in 1789, people began to use fashion as a means of expressing one’s ideology. The revolutionaries regarded luxurious and extravagant silk as the enemy of the revolution, replacing breeches and white silk stockings - the symbol of aristocracy - with the long trousers worn by the lower classes, in an attempt to distance themselves from the previous era.

Man’s Shirt and Trousers, France Shirt of white plain-weave linen; trousers of beige striped cotton satin. ©The Kyoto Costume Institute

French Revolution Cockade, 1789

- French Revolution / Cockade French Revolution Cockade from the time of the French Revolution.

A phrygian cap is a red hat that was a symbol of support for the French Revolution. It is also called a bonnet rouge.

Phrygian cap iss a soft woolen peasant cap worn in ancient Greece and Rome as symbol of freedom and is symbolic for the end of apprenticeship. It also has the tri-colored cockade which we the symbol of the revolution

Henri Sanson (1739-1806) was the son of Charles Henri Sanson, chief executioner, who had guillotined Louis XVI. Henri inherited the position in 1793 and executed Marie Antoinette. As she mounted the steps, she trod on Sanson’s foot and said, “Excuse me sir.” He was reputed to have responded, “No madam, please excuse me.”

Henri Sanson was the son of Charles Henri Sanson, chief executioner, who had guillotined Louis XVI. Henri inherited the position in 1793 and executed Marie Antoinette.

Henri Sanson was the son of Charles Henri Sanson, chief executioner, who had guillotined Louis XVI. Henri inherited the position in 1793 and executed Marie Antoinette. As she mounted the steps, she trod on Sanson’s foot and said, “Excuse me sir.” He was reputed to have responded, “No madam, please excuse me.”

Historical Mixed Media Figure of French Chief Executioner Henry Sanson with cockade on hat

FRANCE Cockades (Cocardes) (1790) fabric 6.0 cm diameter; 4.5 cm diameter Musée Carnavalet - Histoire de Paris, France (inv. OM 544; inv. FL II 183(5))

This photo is of a tri-colored cockade from These items were worn during the war to distinguish party affiliation of the French. These pieces kept many people alive by simply wearing them.

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