18th century: Revolutionary clothing

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Shoes bearing the Revolutionary Cockade.

Shoes bearing the Revolutionary Cockade.

With the outbreak of the revolution in 1789, people began to use fashion as a means of expressing one’s ideology. The revolutionaries regarded luxurious and extravagant silk as the enemy of the revolution, replacing breeches and white silk stockings - the symbol of aristocracy - with the long trousers worn by the lower classes, in an attempt to distance themselves from the previous era.

With the outbreak of the revolution in 1789, people began to use fashion as a means of expressing one’s ideology. The revolutionaries regarded luxurious and extravagant silk as the enemy of the revolution, replacing breeches and white silk stockings - the symbol of aristocracy - with the long trousers worn by the lower classes, in an attempt to distance themselves from the previous era.

French Revolution Cockade, 1789

French Revolution Cockade, 1789

A phrygian cap is a red hat that was a symbol of support for the French Revolution. It is also called a bonnet rouge.

A phrygian cap is a red hat that was a symbol of support for the French Revolution. It is also called a bonnet rouge.

Medal Communale Des Gardes Francais 1789 French Revolution

Medal Communale Des Gardes Francais 1789 French Revolution

Henri Sanson (1739-1806) was the son of Charles Henri Sanson, chief executioner, who had guillotined Louis XVI. Henri inherited the position in 1793 and executed Marie Antoinette. As she mounted the steps, she trod on Sanson’s foot and said, “Excuse me sir.” He was reputed to have responded, “No madam, please excuse me.”

Henri Sanson (1739-1806) was the son of Charles Henri Sanson, chief executioner, who had guillotined Louis XVI. Henri inherited the position in 1793 and executed Marie Antoinette. As she mounted the steps, she trod on Sanson’s foot and said, “Excuse me sir.” He was reputed to have responded, “No madam, please excuse me.”

Henri Sanson was the son of Charles Henri Sanson, chief executioner, who had guillotined Louis XVI. Henri inherited the position in 1793 and executed Marie Antoinette. As she mounted the steps, she trod on Sanson’s foot and said, “Excuse me sir.” He was reputed to have responded, “No madam, please excuse me.”

Henri Sanson was the son of Charles Henri Sanson, chief executioner, who had guillotined Louis XVI. Henri inherited the position in 1793 and executed Marie Antoinette. As she mounted the steps, she trod on Sanson’s foot and said, “Excuse me sir.” He was reputed to have responded, “No madam, please excuse me.”

MODE REVOLUTION FRANCAISE

MODE REVOLUTION FRANCAISE

FRANCE Cockades (Cocardes) (1790) fabric 6.0 cm diameter; 4.5 cm diameter Musée Carnavalet - Histoire de Paris, France (inv. OM 544; inv. FL II 183(5))

FRANCE Cockades (Cocardes) (1790) fabric 6.0 cm diameter; 4.5 cm diameter Musée Carnavalet - Histoire de Paris, France (inv. OM 544; inv. FL II 183(5))

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