Dance Around the Golden Calf (1910). Emil Nolde (German, Expressionism, 1867-1956). Oil on canvas. Staatsgemäldesammlungen, Munich. When Moses went to receive the Ten Commandments, he left the Israelites for 40 days and 40 nights. The Israelites feared that he would not return and demanded that Aaron make them "gods." Aaron gathered up the Israelites' golden earrings and constructed a "molten calf."