21. In 1917, in the midst of October Revolution in Russia, Finland declares independence. The Finnish maiden by an unknown artist, 1906
The golden era of Finnish art (1880-1914). Kalevala, the national epic inspires Finnish artists. Lemminkäisen äiti (Mother of Lemminkäinen) by Akseli Gallen-Kallela.
Finnish Markka (1860-2002). During the autonomy Finland also had its own army, postal service and a limited government in Helsinki.
General strike in Finland in 1905. Russification ends. Picture of protesters gathered in town of Nurmes.
Russification begins in 1899, Finland lost part of its autonomy. Russian policemen looking for forbidden books in 1905.
Due to poor war preparations, the Russians conquered Finland in 1809. A painting about one of the few Swedish-Finnish victories, Battle of Koljovirta
In 1905, first in the world, Finnish men and women received the right to vote and to run for parliament.
Finland was granted autonomy in 1809, but few improvements were made during the time of conservative Nicholaus I (1825-1855).
Freedom of profession was declared in 1879. A painting by Akseli Gallen-Kallela from 1903.
Eugen Schauman shoots the Russian general governor Nikolai Bobrikov in 1904.