Harold K. Hoskins, Sr. (1927-2012) was an American pilot and Tuskegee Airman who was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal in 2007. In 1945, he joined the U.S. Army at the age of 18 and learned to fly at Alabama's Tuskegee Air Field. In 1971, he retired as a U.S. Air Force lieutenant colonel after logging 9500 flight hours. Hoskins later became assistant vice president of student affairs at California State University at Hayward.
Mary Surratt was the first woman to be executed by the U.S. Federal Government.. for her participation in the Lincoln assassination plot. Her guilt is the subject of much controversy, even today. What's clear is that her slippery son, John, who was an actual conspirator; fled to Canada and evaded capture for two years and was not hanged. Mary's boarding house in D.C. is now a Chinese restaurant called Wok N Roll. There's a plaque in the doorway.
Slave patrols (called patrollers, pattyrollers or paddy rollers by the slaves) were organized groups of three to six white men who enforced discipline upon black slaves during the antebellum U.S. southern states. They policed the slaves on the plantations and hunted down fugitive slaves. Patrols used summary punishment against escapees, which included maiming or killing them. Beginning in 1704 in South Carolina, slave patrols were established and the idea spread throughout the southern states.