The use of tools by human beings is a practice that stretches back millions of years ago. It was in the Paleolithic period, some 2 to 2.5 million years ago that flints were first used and humans exhibited the ability to manipulate stone. Then the Archaic period (8000 to 1000 B.C.E.) saw changes in food production and with that, increased innovation in tool-making. These developments provide the first roots of technology.
The main frame of the roundhouse would have been made of upright timbers, which were interwoven with coppiced wood - usually hazel, oak, ash or pollarded willow - to make wattle walls. This was then covered with a daub made from clay, soil, straw and animal manure that would weatherproof the house. The roof was constructed from large timbers and densely thatched. All of the domestic life would have occurred within the roundhouse.