women civil rights activists
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Odetta Holmes (12/31/1930 – 12/2/2008; Birmingham, AL,), known as Odetta, was a singer, actress, guitarist, songwriter, and a civil and human rights activist, often referred to as "The Voice of the Civil Rights Movement". Her musical repertoire consisted largely of American folk music, blues, jazz, & spirituals. An important figure in the American folk music revival of the '50s & '60s, she was influential to many of the key figures of the folk-revival of that time.
Mary Church Terrell
Mary Church Terrell, (1863 – 1954), daughter of former slaves, was one of the first black women to earn a college degree. She became an activist who led several important associations, including the National Association of Colored Women, and worked for civil rights and suffrage. Active in the Republican Party, she was president of the Women's Republican League during W. G. Harding's 1920 presidential campaign and the first election in which all American women were given the right to vote.
Pearl S. Buck
Pearl Buck (1892-1973), writer, civil rights activist, winner 1938 Nobel Prize in Literature. Born Hillsboro, West Virginia to missionary parents. Taken to China at 3 months old. Graduated Randolph-Macon Woman's College, Lynchburg, VA, Phi Beta Kappa, 1914. Masters from Cornell University in 1925. In 1949, outraged that existing adoption services considered Asian and mixed-race children unadoptable, Buck established Welcome House, Inc., the first international, interracial adoption agency.
Centuries of Citizenship - Viola Liuzzo shot and killed after taking part in Selma march
Viola Liuzzo (1925-1965) She Died Fighting For Civil Rights Viola Fauver Liuzzo belonged to the NAACP at the height of the civil rights movement. In 1965, she marched with Martin Luther King from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama, to protest discrimination. Afterwards, Liuzzo and her black co-worker, Leroy Merton, drove marchers to the airport. On one trip, they were spotted by four Ku Klux Klansmen who guessed that a white woman and a black man traveling together were civil rights activists.
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Civil Rights Activist Amelia Boynton Robinson, 1927. Her history of activism began at age 9 handing out leaflets for Women's Suffrage. A photo of her and another protester beaten unconscious in the street on Bloody Sunday circulated globally, calling attention to protests in Alabama. Ran for the Congress from Alabama in 1964, the 1st female African-American ever to do so & the 1st female of any race to run for the ticket of the Democratic Party in Alabama. As of today she is 101 years old.
Rosa Parks - (1913–2005) African-American civil rights activist, whom the U.S. Congress called "the first lady of civil rights", & "mother of the freedom movement". In 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks refused to obey bus driver's order to give up her seat to make room for a white passenger. Her civil disobedience sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
7 Of The Most Unrecognized Women In Black History
"I have a great belief in the fact that whenever there is chaos, it creates wonderful thinking. I consider chaos a gift." Septima Clark (1898 - 1987), a teacher in South Carolina, established Citizenship Schools throughout the South to teach reading and increase voter eligibility. Because her work built up a generation of leaders, she is sometimes called "the grandmother of the Civil Rights Movement."