The capital of Finland, Helsinki, was bombed several times during World War II but not always by the Germans. Between 1939 and 1945, the Finnish fought three wars: two against the USSR and one against Germany. The largest raids against the city were the three in February 1944, they were so severe they have been called the Great Raids.

Bombing of Kallio district, Helsinki during the Continuation War / Jatkosota

Nearly a half million Finns were forced to evacuate in the Winter War 1939-1940.Escape the sub-zero temperatures Horse-drawn sleighs allowed to move in the middle of snowdrifts. - Lähes puoli miljoonaa suomalaista joutui evakkoon talvisodassa 1939-1940. PAKOON PAKKASELLA Hevosten vetämät reet mahdollistivat liikkumisen hankien keskellä. - Finland

Nearly a half million Finns were forced to evacuate in the Winter War…

One of the most iconic images of the Winter War / Talvisota. Abandoned frozen bodies of dead Russian soldiers, abandoned tanks and guns on the Raate Road, Finland after the Soviet 44th and 163rd divisions were encircled and cut off by Finnish troops.

One of the most iconic images of the Winter War / Talvisota. Abandoned frozen bodies of dead Russian soldiers, abandoned tanks and guns on the Raate Road, Finland after the Soviet and divisions were encircled and cut off by Finnish troops.

Finnish grandparents, Finnhorse and Eastern Finland cow ... Grandma P. went back to Finland to visit her family farm in 1945 ... This photo is so much like the ones she brought back (horses, cows, clothes).  The grandma is wearing a huivi (scarf) just like my grandmothers and great-grandmothers here in America did!

Finnish grandparents, Finnhorse and Eastern Finland cow .

Extraction of logs by Finnish horse and sledge. Snow and frost lowered the costs of extraction but it was hard manual work in freezing cold. There was a long tradition of using ice roads in Winter.

Extraction of logs by Finnish horse and sledge. Snow and frost lowered the costs of extraction but it was hard manual work in freezing cold. There was a long tradition of using ice roads in Winter.


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