8. Urho Kaleva Kekkonen b.. 03.09.1900 Pielavesi d. 31.08. 1986, Helsinki, the eighth president of Finland 1956-1981. Elected as president by electoral college in 1956 and re-elected in 1962, 1968 and 1978. In 1973, the term that started in 1968 was extended by four years by means of an emergency law. Resigned in 1981 owing to poor health, whereupon Prime Minister Mauno Koivisto became acting president. Served in Finnish civil war.