finnish civil war

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Lapsisotilaat  Child Soldiers    During the Finnish Civil War both armies used juvenile soldiers, mainly between 14 and 17 years of age, the most famous example being Urho Kekkonen who fought for the White Army and later became the longest-serving President of Finland. The Red Guards also included 2,000 female troops, mostly girls, recruited from the industrial centres of southern Finland.

Lapsisotilaat Child Soldiers During the Finnish Civil War both armies used juvenile soldiers, mainly between 14 and 17 years of age, the most famous example being Urho Kekkonen who fought for the White Army and later became the longest-serving President of Finland. The Red Guards also included 2,000 female troops, mostly girls, recruited from the industrial centres of southern Finland.

White Guards in Vasa at the beginning of the finnish civil war, 1918. via reddit

White Guards in Vasa at the beginning of the finnish civil war, 1918. via reddit

Dead child on the street in Tampere. Finnish Civil War, 1918 via reddit

Dead child on the street in Tampere. Finnish Civil War, 1918 via reddit

Prison camp in Suomenlinna, Helsinki. More than 11,000 people died in such camps due to hunger, disease, and executions.

Prison camp in Suomenlinna, Helsinki. More than 11,000 people died in such camps due to hunger, disease, and executions.

Carl Gustav Emil Mannerheim (who woul later be leader of White forces during Finnish Civil War, Commander in Chief of Finnish Army during WWII) outside his temporary residence in Kashgar during his expedition to China, 1906/7.    photo credit: Dagbok förd under min resa i Centralasien och Kina 1906-07-08, 3 vol

Carl Gustav Emil Mannerheim (who woul later be leader of White forces during Finnish Civil War, Commander in Chief of Finnish Army during WWII) outside his temporary residence in Kashgar during his expedition to China, 1906/7. photo credit: Dagbok förd under min resa i Centralasien och Kina 1906-07-08, 3 vol

Leaders of the first Petsamo Expedition – Rovaniemi: 1918. Pictured left to right, front (in the white hat and coat): Thorsten Renvall (CO), Johan Bäckman, Julius Niemura, Jalmari Ruokokoski. Arvi Vinberg and Hjalmar Mehring. Rear: Ellen Id, Elvi Halle, Helge Aspelund, Ester Fogelberg, who is holding the flag created for the expedition by the artist, Jalmari Ruokokoski.

Leaders of the first Petsamo Expedition – Rovaniemi: 1918. Pictured left to right, front (in the white hat and coat): Thorsten Renvall (CO), Johan Bäckman, Julius Niemura, Jalmari Ruokokoski. Arvi Vinberg and Hjalmar Mehring. Rear: Ellen Id, Elvi Halle, Helge Aspelund, Ester Fogelberg, who is holding the flag created for the expedition by the artist, Jalmari Ruokokoski.

Devils of Kuhmoinen: "Kuhmoiset Pirut" (Devils of Kuhmoinen) was nickname given by Reds to one of the Suojeluskunta Flying Units lead by Estonian Captain Hans Kalm. The unit gained notorious reputation during the Civil War. Captain Kalm is marked with a small X below his feet in the photo. Photo taken in February of 1918

Devils of Kuhmoinen: "Kuhmoiset Pirut" (Devils of Kuhmoinen) was nickname given by Reds to one of the Suojeluskunta Flying Units lead by Estonian Captain Hans Kalm. The unit gained notorious reputation during the Civil War. Captain Kalm is marked with a small X below his feet in the photo. Photo taken in February of 1918

1918

1918

Suojeluskunta in Nummi. Suojeluskunta were appointed the White Army of Finland on 25 January 1918.

Suojeluskunta in Nummi. Suojeluskunta were appointed the White Army of Finland on 25 January 1918.

White firing squad executing Red soldiers in Länkipohja during the Finnish Civil War ca. 1918

White firing squad executing Red soldiers in Länkipohja during the Finnish Civil War ca. 1918

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