Bertha von Suttner (9.6.1943-21 .6.1914) was an Austrian novelist, pacifist, and the first woman to be a Nobel Peace Prize laureate. Suttner became a leading figure in the peace movement with the publication of her novel, Die Waffen nieder! ("Lay Down Your Arms!") in 1889 and founded an Austrian pacifist organization in 1891. She corresponded with Alfred Nobel until his death in 1896, and she was a major influence in his decision to include a peace prize, which she won in 1905.