St. Basil's Cathedral St. Basil's Cathedral The Cathedral of Vasily the Blessed, more commonly known as St. Basil's Cathedral, is a former church in Red Square in Moscow. The building, constructed to resemble a flame of a bonfire rising into the sky, was built from 1555 to 1561 on orders from Ivan the Terrible. Now a museum, it commemorates the capture of Kazan, which signaled the end of the Russo-Kazan Wars, and Astrakhan.