Balthus’ Portrait of André Derain is a good example of how the figure of one artist is often based on an earlier one. In this case Balthus fused Derain's face with that of Poussin, the painter of 17th cent. France. This is not surprising because Poussin was one of Balthus’ heroes. Balthus, born in France, identified with the French master so, in giving Poussin's features to Derain, Derain becomes an alter ego of Balthus.