Gender

In one form or another, contemporary sociological theories of gender generally begin with the assertion that gender is a social construct, but what does that…
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Views on how far the country has come on gender equality differ widely by gender and by party, 2020 Source: Pew Research Center
Majority of Americans say gender equality is very important, whether they identify as feminists or not, 2020 Source: Pew Research Center
Gender Gap in Poverty Rates over a Lifetime  Percentage of People Living in Poverty  Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Gender: Measurements of Equality

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An interesting intertext to consider J. Howard Miller’s "Rosie The Riveter – We Can Do It!" poster for the War Production Co-Ordinating Committee. While the iconic image of Rosie the Riveter challenges the stereotypical view of women as confined to the domestic sphere, this similiar looking ad for Tide appears to be reinforcing the connection between women and domesticity.
In the early 19th century, a new way of thinking about women and their so-called “natural” duties and inclinations began to take shape. Prominent among these incipient ideas was that women are most virtuous when they are competent in the domestic sphere. Historians dubbed this new way of thinking The Cult of True Womanhood and echoes of it endure to this day. Take this ad for Jell-O Pudding Tarts. The premise behind it is that while women...
In the early 19th century, a new way of thinking about women and their so-called “natural” duties and inclinations began to take shape. Prominent among these incipient ideas was that women are most virtuous when they are competent in the domestic sphere. Historians dubbed this new way of thinking The Cult of True Womanhood and echoes of it endure to this day. This advertisement for Total from the General Mills company works with the premise that cleaning the home is women's work.

Gender: Women & Domesticity

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"There a whole handful of reasons to try new Tame" [click on this image to find a short video and analysis of the frequency of rape jokes on prime time television]
"It's daring. It's audacious. It's the bolder look in shirts. You never know what results you'll get until you try!" 1949.  Van Heusen's advertising campaigns were not subtle in their efforts to associate their shirts with patriarchal power.
Broomsticks Slacks Advertisement, Playboy Magazine, October 1970.  This advertisement for pants is a illustrates the tendency among advertisers to depict women as subservient and submissive vis-a-vis men.

Gender: Women & Submissiveness

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What people think gender is: boy/girl. What gender actually is: Malleable social construct. Artist: Based on work by @blessthismess
[click on this image to find two short clips and an analysis of Judith Butler's theory of gender and performativity]

Gender: Gender Identity/Gender Expression

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...while trying to make those choices for you.  A: "So if you're such a feminist, why do you shave?" B: "If you're such a feminist, why do you think that's any of your business?"  Artist: Naoise Dolan
People treat your choices like headline news... "Woman doesn't shave own hair off own body!!"  Source: Naoise Dolan
What should bodies look like? What kind of body counts as attractive? There is a persistent misconception that people are somehow genetically predisposed to be attracted to particular body types, but it's not so simple. Preferences for fat or skinny bodies--whether it pertains to what one seeks in a partner or what one seeks for themselves--have varied over time and space. But so too have ideas about what marks a body as officially too fat or too skinny.  This advertisement...

Gender: Beauty Standards & Bodies

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In 1925, when astronomers believed stars to be made of heavy elements, a 25 year old student named Cecilia H. Payne wrote a revolutionary doctoral dissertation. She claimed that our Sun, all stars, and thus the universe itself, were composed mainly of hydrogen.  Henry Norris Russell, the leading contemporary expert on stellar spectra, dismissed the young woman’s thesis as “impossible”, but four years later published a paper of his own announcing the exact same conclusions...Source: bwareofimages
NASA Astronaut Christina Hammock Koch and NASA Astronaut Jessica Meir made history on October 18, 2019, by conducting the first all-woman spacewalk outside the International Space Station (ISS). The Expedition 61 flight engineers ventured into the vacuum of space at 7:38 a.m. EDT to swap out a failed power controller that regulates the batteries used to collect and distribute power to the orbital laboratory--a task that took a total of seven hours and 17 minutes to complete.

Gender: Women in STEM

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The Mujeres Libres (Free Women) of Spain emerged as a way to empower women. Responding to sexism and classism, they set up literacy programs, technical classes, and social studies. They ran a hospital, which provided birth & post-natal care for women, as well as classes on child & maternal health, birth control & sexuality. They helped to establish rural collectives with anarchists & created networks of women anarchists. They even checked out reports of sexist behavior.--Barcelona, Spain,   1936
The women pictured are, from left to right, Elizabeth Moku, Alice Cho, Katherine Lowe, and Hilda Van Gieson. The photo was taken during a training exercise for female civilian workers at Pearl Harbor during World War II.

Gender: Women as Warriors

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"Listen to me. Gender is a construct, society is a construct, money is a construct. But bedtime is very, very real."  Artist: Will McPhail
Sociologist at a gender reveal party  h/t Henry Zonio

Gender: Gendering Children/Gender Reveal Parties

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"Roses are red Gender is performative Mass market romance is heteronormative," found in a women’s restroom at the Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz in Germany

Gender: Performativity/Performance

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In honor of Valentine's Day, what's the most obvious thing you've ever been mansplained about? ~ @J_Dot_J At a NASA Earth meeting 10 years ago, a white male post doc interrupted me to tell me that I didn't understand human drivers of fire, that I def needed to read McCarty et al. Looked him in the eye, pulled my long hair back so he coulc read my name tag. 'I'm McCarty et al.' ~ @jmccarty_geo
People who can't detect irony  A: "You need to stop being confrontational." B: "You mean it's rude to shove advice in people's faces!" A: "Yes!! Exactly!"  Artist: Naoise Dolan
“I know some women think I’m sexist but I’ve thought about it a LOT and I don’t think I am  I find it so NARROW-MINDED how women don’t UNQUESTIONINGLY AGREE WITH ME.”  ~ @mansplain  Artist: Naoise Dolan

Gender: Mansplaining

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a phenomenon in which negative characteristics ascribed to men (e.g., insatiable sex drives, competitiveness, 'natural' aggression) are offered as acceptable justifications of men's dominance over women. Citation: Wade and Ferree. 2015. Gender: Ideas, Interactions, Institutions. Norton.
Believing "hey what if women aren't as smart as men?" is some *radical new thought* you're *shaking up the system* by proposing is .... weird. It's like strolling into a meeting on "the future of transportation in America" and saying "have you considered the automobile?" Then getting really upset when nobody acknowledges you as the fucking savior of the whole industry with your radical insights. ~ @Mc_Heckin_Duff
"The thing is, it's patriarchy that says men are stupid and monolithic and unchanging and incapable."

Gender: Exculpatory Chauvinism

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Gender: Fragile Masculinity/Toxic Masculinity

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Source: Pew Research Center Infographics, Pew Research Center, Surveys, Research, Captions, Answers, Infographic, Pie Chart, Sex
Partisans differ on whether gender is determined by sex assigned at birth, 2021
Source: Pew Research Center
a phenomenon in which negative characteristics ascribed to men (e.g., insatiable sex drives, competitiveness, 'natural' aggression) are offered as acceptable justifications of men's dominance over women. Citation: Wade and Ferree. 2015. Gender: Ideas, Interactions, Institutions. Norton. Ideas, Dominant, Aggressive, Phenomena, Sex Drive, Men's, Men, Women
Exculpatory Chauvinism
a phenomenon in which negative characteristics ascribed to men (e.g., insatiable sex drives, competitiveness, 'natural' aggression) are offered as acceptable justifications of men's dominance over women. Citation: Wade and Ferree. 2015. Gender: Ideas, Interactions, Institutions. Norton.
two tweets that are on top of each other with the same person in them
Most men believe themselves to be insightful, when in reality they don't even pass the Turing Test.
Believing "hey what if women aren't as smart as men?" is some *radical new thought* you're *shaking up the system* by proposing is .... weird. It's like strolling into a meeting on "the future of transportation in America" and saying "have you considered the automobile?" Then getting really upset when nobody acknowledges you as the fucking savior of the whole industry with your radical insights. ~ @Mc_Heckin_Duff
The Media Is Lying to You About Men’s Emotions, And It’s Really F*cked Up – Here’s a Healthier View
two circles with the words what people think genderer is, boy and genderer actually isn't
What people think gender is
What people think gender is: boy/girl. What gender actually is: Malleable social construct. Artist: Based on work by @blessthismess
What Do We Mean When We Say “Toxic Masculinity?”
Sexism Isn't "Us vs. Them"
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Sacagawea (1788 – 1812 or 1884) was a Lemhi Shoshone woman who, at age 16, met and helped the Lewis and Clark Expedition explore the Louisiana Territory. She traveled with the expedition thousands of miles from North Dakota to the Pacific Ocean, helping to establish cultural contacts with Native Peoples and contributing to the expedition's knowledge of natural history in different regions. Poetry, Motivation, Art, Poet, Books, North America, America, Quites
"You will turn 18 with a baby on your back leading Lewis and Clark across North America"
Sacagawea (1788 – 1812 or 1884) was a Lemhi Shoshone woman who, at age 16, met and helped the Lewis and Clark Expedition explore the Louisiana Territory. She traveled with the expedition thousands of miles from North Dakota to the Pacific Ocean, helping to establish cultural contacts with Native Peoples and contributing to the expedition's knowledge of natural history in different regions.
In honor of Valentine's Day, what's the most obvious thing you've ever been mansplained about? ~ @J_Dot_J At a NASA Earth meeting 10 years ago, a white male post doc interrupted me to tell me that I didn't understand human drivers of fire, that I def needed to read McCarty et al. Looked him in the eye, pulled my long hair back so he coulc read my name tag. 'I'm McCarty et al.' ~ @jmccarty_geo Permanently Exhausted Pigeon, Misogyny, Stupid People, Tough, Turn Ons, Interrupting
In honor of Valentine's Day, what's the most obvious thing you've ever been mansplained about?
In honor of Valentine's Day, what's the most obvious thing you've ever been mansplained about? ~ @J_Dot_J At a NASA Earth meeting 10 years ago, a white male post doc interrupted me to tell me that I didn't understand human drivers of fire, that I def needed to read McCarty et al. Looked him in the eye, pulled my long hair back so he coulc read my name tag. 'I'm McCarty et al.' ~ @jmccarty_geo
Butler's "Gender Performativity" Explained
Artist: bloglikeanegyptian (Deena)
Did you ever hear the one about the guy who told sexist astronaut jokes on Twitter?
a man with a beard wearing a beanie and looking at the camera, in front of a black background
"Boys are trained to externalize our pain, when something bad has happened to us, we need to do something bad to someone else, avenge the humiliation we've suffered, the shame we've experienced." ~ Jackson Katz
a black and white photo with a quote from pope longeran on the back of a baseball cap
"We have a duty to have those conversations, and for men to initiate them. I know women are tired of having to walk men through this. We can have these conversations amongst each other, not looking for forgiveness, looking to re-route that behaviour." ~ Pope Lonergan
Views on how far the country has come on gender equality differ widely by gender and by party, 2020 Source: Pew Research Center Equal Rights, Country, Sayings, Gender Equality, Equality, Our Country, Things To Come, Center
Views on how far the country has come on gender equality differ widely by gender and by party, 2020
Views on how far the country has come on gender equality differ widely by gender and by party, 2020 Source: Pew Research Center
a cartoon depicting two women talking to each other in front of a computer screen with the caption what's the difference between being aggressive and being aggressive
A: "What's the difference between being assertive and being aggressive?" B: "Your gender." Artist: Haracek
Majority of Americans say gender equality is very important, whether they identify as feminists or not, 2020 Source: Pew Research Center Public Opinion, Social Science Research, Social Trends
Majority of Americans say gender equality is very important, whether they're feminists or not, 2020
Majority of Americans say gender equality is very important, whether they identify as feminists or not, 2020 Source: Pew Research Center
a line graph shows the percentage of poverty and poverty by gender gap in poverty rate
Gender Gap in Poverty Rates over a Lifetime Percentage of People Living in Poverty Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Poverty Rates by Age and Sex, 2015  Source: U.S. Census Bureau Poverty Rate, Age 10, Social Class, Important Facts, Poverty, Facts, Income
Poverty Rates by Age and Sex, 2015 Source: U.S. Census Bureau
the number of men and women in different countries has been steadily declining over time, according to
Larger shares of men say men have more influence in decisions about household finances, 2019
Larger shares of men than women say men have more influence in decisions about household finances, 2019 Source: Pew Research Center
a red and white sign that says male eco action figure on it's side
In what sense is masculinity "fragile"?
As a 2019 article from The Atlantic points out, sociologist Raewyn Connell and others have theorized that "common masculine ideals such as social respect, physical strength, and sexual potency become problematic when they set unattainable standards. Falling short can make boys and men insecure and anxious, which might prompt them to use force in order to feel, and be seen as, dominant and in control...
Source: Pew Research Center Character Art, Decision Making, Character
Most see gender parity when it comes to making decisions about religion, 2019
Source: Pew Research Center
the world map shows that most gay men in the country is very important to each other
Most say gender equality in their country is very important, 2019
Source: Pew Research center
the percentage of men who have more opportunity to be leaders in their own community than on social media
Men seen as having more opportunities to be leaders in their community, 2019
Source: Pew Research Center
the percentage of men who are more likely able to use social media than women in other countries
Sizable shares say men have more influence than women in decisions about household finances, 2019
In many countries, sizable shares say men have more influence than women in decisions about household finances, 2019 Source: Pew Research Center
Source: Pew Research Center Better Life, Country Men, Best, Life
Few think women have a better life than men, 2019
Source: Pew Research Center
women are more likely to see men as having a better life than men in the country
Women more likely to see men as having a better life, 2019.
Source: Pew Research Center
the tweet is being posted to someone on their twitter account, and it looks like
If you read a scifi tale about a plague and it had dudes going "I won't WEAR a MASK because it THREATENS my MASCULINITY" you would assume the author were a very intense feminist trying to make some kind of hamfisted point but actually yeah there are men literally doing this. ~ @eevee