A schematic drawing of axes by Pleiner, with this caption: Fig. 22. Production seams on axes according to the upper surface. 1 - Belgium, 6 to 7 Century, 2 - Morley-Meuse 4th Century (center lap steel), 3 - Lezéville, hr. 200, beginning 6th century, 4 - Novgorod, 11 century. (Welded edge), 5 - Kent, 6 to 8 century. (Welded edge). White: iron; spotted: steel. 1-3 after Salin, 4 after Kolcin, 5 after Antein.
"The famous 'Sparth' or Galloglaich axe, approximately 6ft long (various heads of several different styles and shapes have been found in Ireland), was by far the most common weapon. There are also a few depictions of medium-length spears being used by Galloglaich though they were invariably armed with the as their trademark weapon."